Identification of biomarkers associated with the onset or progression of different types of diseases.
The detection of biomarkers in body fluids has major advantages over the use of tissue markers, which most often require invasive biopsies that can be difficult to perform and potentially dangerous. Discriminating between cargoes associated with extracellular vesicles in body fluids using different approaches could provide insight into disease staging.
Stem cells have emerged as a key element of regenerative medicine therapies due to their inherent ability to differentiate into a variety of cell phenotypes, thereby providing numerous potential cell therapies to treat an array of degenerative diseases and traumatic injuries. A recent paradigm shift has emerged suggesting that the beneficial effects of stem cells may not be restricted to cell restoration alone, but also due to their transient paracrine actions.